Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) therapy was initially developed in 1987 for the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and is guided by the Adaptive Information Processing model (Shapiro 2007). EMDR is a structured therapy that targets a trauma memory while simultaneously experiencing bilateral stimulation through eye movements, audible tones or tactile tappers, which is associated with a reduction in the vividness and emotion associated with the trauma memories. The Adaptive Information Processing model considers symptoms of PTSD and other emotional dysregulation like anxiety and depression that result from past disturbing experiences and continue to cause distress because the memory was not adequately processed. These unprocessed memories are understood to contain the emotions, thoughts, beliefs and physical sensations that occurred at the time of the event. When the memories are triggered these stored disturbing reactions are experienced and cause the symptoms of PTSD or other disorders. Unlike other treatments that focus on directly altering the emotions, thoughts and responses resulting from traumatic experiences, EMDR therapy focuses directly on the memory, and is intended to change the way that the memory is stored in the brain, thus reducing and eliminating the problematic symptoms.