The benefit of integrating non-human animals into our therapy practices is becoming increasingly apparent.
The recognition of the comfort provided when working with animals has been integrated into our courtrooms, our veterans’ assistance programs, and even our prisons. While the typical emotional support animal consists of one that can be easily transported, fed, and housed, there is a particular type of large animal that can be particularly therapeutic to interact with.
This animal is the horse.
The Physical Benefit of Working with Horses
Equine therapy has been utilized throughout the ages, even as far back as the days of ancient Greece. Actively riding a horse involves much more than simply sitting in a saddle. Each movement of our legs, arms, and torso is communicating something to the horse. Working with an animal that is so sensitive and responsive to our physical motions provides us with the opportunity to become acutely aware of how we are using our bodies. The posture and rhythmic movements that are required for successfully navigating the various gaits and exercises that are engaged in during a riding session also work to strengthen our core muscles. As we become more confident in our physical abilities, our mental and emotional health is often improved, alongside.
The Psychological Magic of Equines
Horse riding not only provides us with physical therapy, but it also provides a window into our psyche. Horse lovers are fond of describing how the animals appear to have an intrinsic connection with their handlers. If we are anxious, our horse will act giddy. If we are feeling depressed or disconnected from life, our horse will respond with being sluggish. This applies even when we are only temporarily the one in charge of directing the horse.
This special connection that is made with a horse provides a unique way for us to learn more about our own emotional states and to become aware of the types of emotions that we tend to carry around on a daily basis. We often become so accustomed to walking around with feelings of anxiety and depression, for instance, that we just accept it as our normal state of being. Seeing our own emotional state manifest through the behavior of another creature can be the starting point for learning the benefits of adjusting our own responses to stress.
Horses are also herd animals, which means that they establish and respond in regard to positions of leadership. People who struggle with learning to be assertive in their personal lives will benefit from working with the horse and therapist toward developing the healthy self-confidence required of effective leaders. If you are overly timid, the horse will let you know this by refusing to accept your lead. An equine therapist will be able to gently guide you toward learning to communicate to the horse that you are capable of being in charge. Learning to be the one in charge of a creature that weighs up to a ton is quite an accomplishment!
Mental Health Equine Treatment
The list of mental health disorders that are being added to those that are effectively treated through implementation of equine therapy is continually growing. As the field grows, so do the regulations for delivering official therapy through the integration of horses. Some certifications allow for a non-clinical, self-guided, approach toward improving symptoms through learning to interact with the animals. For thorough equine therapy to take place, it will need to be under the guidance of a licensed mental health therapist, and not all equine therapy involves actually riding the horse. The following are some of the mental health areas that equine therapy can assist with.
The source of anxiety is fear of the future. A person who is anxious is concerned with the idea that something will go wrong. Working with a horse requires that a person be present in the existing moment. Repeatedly being exposed to the calming experience of letting go of thoughts of the future, in order to be engaged in the task at hand, can result in developing new, more adaptive, perspectives. The horse will respond to your increasing ability to apply a calm demeanor, and you will be receiving real-time feedback for your mastery over your anxiety.
Those who are clinically diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have typically been exposed to situations which threatened their very life. Being around an animal with the size and weight of a horse can trigger those feelings of fear and vulnerability. Equine therapy for PTSD is a form of exposure therapy. Under the careful guidance of a therapist, someone who is accustomed to being afraid of danger will be able to develop the confidence which comes from learning to take charge of a situation. The bond that is often formed between horse and rider also works as a catalyst for reassuring that safe relationships are possible.
For children and adults who struggle with disorders involving the ability to pay sustained attention to an academic task, equine therapy provides relief through hands-on interaction. Horse care and riding is a highly interactive activity, and the application of attention to the details involved is an intrinsic component. Experiencing the positive emotions associated with a successful horse encounter can also be a source of relief for those who are accustomed to being chastised for inattention. Horses do not judge us for how we are, they simply respond to how we are.
For many people who struggle with addiction, there are underlying mental health issues at work. Those who use drugs or alcohol as a means of attempting to escape psychological discomfort are identified as having a co-occurring disorder. While equine therapy doesn’t tend to address substance use, directly, it does work to heal the wounds which are contributing to it. Learning to build trust in our own abilities, learning to listen to our inner voice, and learning to form healthy bonds are all possible through interactions with equines.